Undergraduate education: Southern Methodist University
Graduate education: South Texas College of Law
John Culberson was born and raised in Houston and lives in the Copperfield subdivision in west Harris County, Texas. He earned a bachelor's in history from Southern Methodist University in 1981 and a law degree from the South Texas College of Law in 1990.
Culberson was elected to the first of seven, two-year terms in the Texas House in 1986, while still in law school. Before being elected to Congress, he practiced as a civil defense attorney at the Houston law firm Lorance and Thompson.
He was elected to the U.S. House in 2000.
Culberson and his wife, Belinda, have a daughter.
John Culberson is an unabashed conservative who landed a position on the Appropriations Committee during his second term in Congress. He is chair the Subcommittee on Military Construction and Veterans Affairs and serves as vice chair of the Homeland Security Subcommittee.
Culberson in 2012 continued his long-standing objections to expansion of a Houston light rail public transit system, arguing to the Federal Transit Administration that the city's transit agency, Metro, has shaky finances. Metro officials said his assumptions were outdated.
Culberson was among Texas House Republicans opposed to the 2010 health care reform bill, and at one point in the debate leading up to its passage he brought a copy of the 2,074-page bill to a Capitol Hill rally and threw the loose pages to the crowd.
On immigration, Culberson proposed an amendment to withhold federal money from state and local governments that block or restrict police from sharing information with immigration authorities. Culberson believes illegal immigrants should be aggressively pursued and deported and has said they should be denied access to public welfare benefits and non-emergency medical care.
He branded President Barack Obama's 2009 budget, which scrapped extension of a fence along the Texas-Mexico border as "more proof that the new administration will not truly secure our borders."
Culberson also blasted the Obama administration's proposal in 2009 to apply tougher vehicle fuel economy standards, describing the proposal as government overreach.
He joined six of his GOP House colleagues from Texas in proposing legislation that would require future presidential candidates to show their birth certificate to prove they eligible to serve as president.
On cap-and-trade legislation, he said President Obama's plan would create "a monstrosity" resulting in "epic job losses" and the largest tax increase in history.
Culberson opposes abortion except in cases of rape or incest and to save the life of the mother. He favors the abolition of the federal income and estate taxes and supports an amendment to the Constitution that would require a balanced federal budget each biennium.
Culberson cites the 10th Amendment in supporting the return of state control over health care and education. He opposes most gun control measures and he is against hiring quotas.
Culberson supported the rapid widening and rebuilding of the Katy Freeway, the stretch of Interstate 10 between downtown Houston and the city's westernmost suburbs. The project, which he considered a local priority, was completed in the fall of 2008.
Committee Assignments: Appropriations
American Conservative Union Rating: 87
Americans for Democratic Action Rating: 5
Recent winning percentages for office currently held: 82% (2010), 56% (2008), 59% (2006).
(Last updated by Chris Tomlinson on June 4, 2012.)