AP Highlight in History: On May 25, 1961, President John F. Kennedy asked the nation to work toward putting a man on the moon by the end of the decade.
President John F. Kennedy
On this date in:
The Constitutional Convention was convened in Philadelphia.
Song-and-dance man Bill "Bojangles" Robinson was born in Richmond, Va.
Playwright Oscar Wilde was convicted of a morals charge in London and sentenced to prison.
Baseball Hall of Famer Babe Ruth hit the 714th and final home run of his career.
Transjordan became a kingdom as it proclaimed its new monarch, Abdullah I.
Baseball Hall of Famer Willie Mays made his major league debut with the New York Giants.
The Gateway Arch in St. Louis was dedicated.
The science-fiction movie "Star Wars" was released.
An American Airlines DC-10 crashed during takeoff at Chicago's O'Hare International Airport, killing all 271 people on board and two on the ground.
AP correspondent Mark Knoller
Daredevil Dan Goodwin, wearing a Spiderman costume, scaled the outside of Chicago's Sears Tower in 71/2 hours.
An estimated 7 million people participated in "Hands Across America," forming a line across the country to raise money for the nation's hungry and homeless.
Jay Leno debuted as host of NBC's "Tonight Show," succeeding Johnny Carson.
Carrie Underwood won the fourth season of "American Idol."
Former Enron Corp. chiefs Kenneth Lay and Jeffrey Skilling were convicted in Houston of conspiracy and fraud for the company's downfall. (Skilling faces resentencing after his original 24-year sentence was overturned; Lay died before sentencing.)
A judge in Tucson, Ariz., ruled that Jared Lee Loughner, the man accused of wounding U.S. Rep. Gabrielle Giffords and killing six in a shooting rampage, was mentally incompetent to stand trial.
"The Oprah Winfrey Show" aired its final broadcast, ending a 25-year run.