Nov 20, 2:14 AM EST

China issues book commemorating reformist leader Hu Yaobang

Video photo gallery on trash in China
China celebrates 60th year
Panorama of Tiananmen Square
Remembering Tiananmen
A year after China quake
Migrant laborers struggle to find work
Checking Beijing's Air
China's morning exercises in parks
Exploring Chinese Cuisine
Beijing Architecture Changes For Games
Woman Rescues Homeless Quake Dogs
China Holds Funeral for Panda
China's 1-child Policy Causes Extra Pain
Map of Earthquake Zone in Central China
Entrepreneurs Move Into, Out of China
Olypmics in Beijing Highlight China's Water Woes
Foreign Buyers Head to China Despite Problems
Coal Use Produces Pollution, Illness
Coal Means Profit, Woes for China
China Extending Its Reach Around the World
In China, the Desert Closes In
Latest News
South Korea parliament ratifies free trade pact with China

Taiwan says it has swapped spy convicts with China

Steel factory gas leak kills 10, injures 7 in eastern China

3 Chinese brokerages say they are under investigation

Chinese activist sentenced to 6 years in jail

Buy AP Photo Reprints
Audio Slideshow
Panorama of Tiananmen Square
Remembering Tiananmen

BEIJING (AP) -- China's ruling Communist Party has issued a collection of speeches and other works by reformist leader Hu Yaobang, whose death catalyzed the 1989 pro-democracy protest movement that was brutally crushed on Beijing's Tiananmen Square.

The edition from the People's Publishing House commemorates Friday's 100th anniversary of Hu's birth and includes works from 1952 to 1986, some of which had never before been published.

Its publication demonstrates the enduring respect for Hu and his pro-reform agenda among Chinese leaders, even while they suppress discussion of the protests that were suppressed by the army on the night of June 3-4, 1989.

Hundreds, possibly thousands, were believed killed in the military action, although the government has rejected calls for an independent inquiry into the matter.

In the years since, China has pressed ahead with capitalist-style economic reforms while squelching calls for changes to the authoritarian one-party political system.

Scrubbed from party histories and state media for years, Hu's memory was revived in 2005 on the 90th anniversary of his death. Then-President Hu Jintao, a former protege, later visited Hu's Beijing home and state media praised him as a man devoted to the people.

The iconoclastic Hu was one of the pivotal figures in the 1980s movement to restore China's government and economy after the ideological excesses of Mao Zedong's radical 1966-1976 Cultural Revolution.

However, when students' protests demanding greater political liberalization emerged in 1986, Hu was made the scapegoat by former close political ally Deng Xiaoping.

In January 1987, Hu resigned as party secretary general and was forced to issue a humiliating self-criticism, although he retained his position on the all-powerful Politburo Standing Committee.

His death from a heart attack on April 15, 1989, sparked a movement to mourn his memory that quickly snowballed into demands from students, workers and others for sped-up economic and political reforms that met stiff opposition from Deng and others in the party's old guard.

© 2015 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed. Learn more about our Privacy Policy and Terms of Use.

Latest News