Sunday, Sept. 26
On this date in 1864, the First Territorial Legislature convened in Prescott, adopted a code of laws, created the four original counties of Pima, Mohave, Yavapai and Yuma and established a university and a Board of Regents.
On this date in 1876, Taza, the son of Apache chief Cochise, died in Washington D.C. of pneumonia while he was visiting the Capitol with a group of Apaches. He was buried in the congressional cemetery with the Commissioner of Indian Affairs and other noted dignitaries in attendance.
On this date in 1878, a big reception was held at Prescott for Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman.
On this date in 1880, the first Congregational Church in Arizona Territory was established in Phoenix with 13 members.
On this date in 1929, a Tucson resident who had demanded, unsuccessfully, that his next-door neighbor maintain absolute silence between the hours of 1 p.m. and 4 p.m. each day erected a wall 14-feet high and 8-inches thick, extending the full length of the property line from the sidewalk to the alley.
On this date in 1986, William Rehnquist of Phoenix is appointed chief justice of the U. S. Supreme Court.
Monday, Sept. 27
On this date in 1858, Rafael Luna petitioned Col. Benjamin Bonneville for a military escort for protection while passing through Navajo Country along Beale Road with a flock of more than 50,000 sheep — the first flock to be driven to California along this route.
On this date in 1910, the town of Naco was destroyed by a fire which originated in a stable on the American side of the line.
On this date in 1922, The Arizona Republic reported government big-game hunter Ramsey Patterson saying that a Grizzly bear and a mountain lion were traveling, hunting and denning together. Patterson said he tracked the animals and killed the lion.
On this date in 1929, more than 200 horned toads were entered in a race sponsored by the Tucson Lions Club to raise funds for the construction of a road to Mt. Lemmon. Residents and business establishments throughout southern Arizona sponsored entries with such colorful names as “Plumbers Friend,” entered by the Arizona Pipe and Heating Company, and “Static,” entered by radio station KVOA. The toad entered by the city of Willcox won the race and more than $2,000 was collected for the Mt. Lemmon road.
On this date in 1929, 27 federal prisoners in Maricopa County Jail went on a hunger strike, claiming they had been forced to eat food “unfit for human consumption.”
Tuesday, Sept. 28
On this date in 1874, the Tucson Citizen announced the first cotton had been grown near Tucson by Steven Ochoa.
On this date in 1910, Phoenix Newspapers reported that earthquakes had been felt for several days over an area of about 45 square miles north of Flagstaff. Adobe houses cracked, chimneys fell and people left the area.
On this date in 1929, the 10th Calvary left Fort Huachuca for field maneuvers. The regiment planned to march to El Paso, Texas, by way of St, David, Bowie, Lordsburg and Deming, expecting to arrive there on Oct. 11.
On this date in 1993, Yavapai County sheriff’s deputies searched near Congress for a survivalist they believed had killed at least seven cows and carved off meat for food.
Wednesday, Sept. 29
On this date in 1877, the first Southern Pacific engine on a regular run entered Arizona at 11 p.m. in Yuma.
On this date in 1927, a tornado struck the town of Ruby and wiped out half the village.
On this date in 1928, the Madonna of the Trail statue, erected at Springerville by the Daughters of the American Revolution, was dedicated to honor the women who helped pioneer the West.
Thursday, Sept. 30
On this date in 1894, the eastbound Southern Pacific express was held up by train robbers at Maricopa. The robber was unable to open the safe and took only a small amount of cash and a gold watch from the train crew.
On this date in 1924, I.C.C. approved the Southern Pacific Railroad plan to acquire control of El Paso & Southwestern R.R. and build a main line through Phoenix.
On this date in 1929, the Arizona State Board of Barbers gave its first examinations to more than 100 applicants for barber and cosmetology licenses.
On this date in 1935, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Eleanor Roosevelt, Harold Ickes and Harry L. Hopkins visited Boulder Dam to take part in its dedication ceremonies. Upon first seeing the dam, President Roosevelt commented, “I’m speechless.”
On this date in 1936, William Neal, 87, a Cherokee Indian who had carried mail between Tucson and Mammoth for 42 years and built the Mountain View Hotel at Oracle in 1894, died. Neal had been a scout with Buffalo Bill, freighted ore between Mammoth Mine and the mill, and bullion from the mill to Tucson.
Friday, Oct. 1
On this date in 1858, the first Butterfield Overland Mail coach entered Arizona by way of Stein’s Pass.
On this date in 1864, the first legislative act of the Territory of Arizona was passed. It empowered the governor to appoint a commission to prepare a code of laws for the Territorial Legislature.
On this date in 1866, Camp Cameron was established in the Santa Rita Mountains.
On this date in 1891, the University of Arizona opened its doors for the first time.
On this date in 1963, the 121-acre Window Rock-Tse Bonito Tribal Park was established by resolution of the Navajo Tribal Council. The park contained the Haystacks and Window Rock area, site of the first stopping place for some 4,000 Navajos on the “long walk” to Fort Sumner in 1864.
Saturday, Oct. 2
On this date in 1849, Lt. Cave Couts established Fort Calhoun on a hill overlooking the Yuma Crossing to protect thousands of emigrants heading for the California Gold Field.
On this date in 1877, future U.S. Sen. Carl T. Hayden was born.
On this date in 1879, the first issue of the Nugget was established in Tombstone.
On this date in 1921, the funeral of Manuela Spring, wife of the well-known pioneer school teacher John Spring, was held at her home in Tucson.
On this date in 1924, thousands of Phoenix residents gathered at Union station to celebrate the opening of the Southern Pacific mainline.
On this date in 2012, U.S. Border Patrol agent Nicholas Ivie, 30, is killed in by friendly fire while patrolling the desert near Naco.