Arizona History-Dec. 5-11

Sunday, Dec. 5

On this date in 1873, a Telegraph Ball was held in Tucson to celebrate completion of the first military telegraph to the town.

On this date in 1905, there was great public indignation when President Theodore Roosevelt’s message to Congress recommended joint statehood for New Mexico and Arizona. Towns over the Territory held mass protest meetings.

On this date in 1907, Henry C. Hooker, pioneer Arizona rancher who established the Sierra Bonita Ranch, died.

On this date in 1923, the first 200 cases of the new crop of grapefruit from the Salt River Valley were sold in England.

Monday, Dec. 6

On this date in 1913, the U.S. District Court awarded the 1remaining 156.25 square miles (404.7 square kilometers) of the Baca Float grant in southern Arizona to the heirs of the original grant.

On this date in 1921, Yuma’s business section was gutted by a $250,000 fire.

On this date in 2012, Arizona’s first legal medical marijuana dispensary opens in Glendale, two years after voters approved the use of the drug to treat certain health problems such as chronic pain and cancer.

Tuesday, Dec. 7

On this date in 1875, John Clark brought the first herd of sheep into Arizona by way of Hardy’s Ferry across the Colorado River near the present site of Bullhead City.

On this date in 1875, under an act to raise money for public schools, the Territorial Legislature appropriated $250 for the first public school.

Wednesday, Dec. 8

On this date in 1883, five men held up the Goldwaters Castanada store in Bisbee, killing four people, including one woman.

On this date in 1899, Sheriff Frank Wattron issued printed invitations to the hanging of convicted murderer George Smiley. The invitations said, “the latest improved methods of scientific strangulation will be employed and everything possible will be done to make the surroundings cheerful and the execution a success.”

On this date in 1906, the Petrified Forest National Monument was established by President Theodore Roosevelt. It became a national park in 1962.

On this date in 1913, Gov. George W.P. Hunt filed a protest with Gen. Vanustiano Carranza of Mexico over the wholesale execution of prisoners of war by Pancho Villa.

On this date in 1929, fire partially destroyed the plant of the Arizona Silver Belt Publishing Co. at Miami. Valuable newspaper files dating back to 1878 were saved.

On this date in 1931, Gov. George W.P. Hunt protested the abandonment of the Army posts at Douglas and Nogales, claiming that it destroyed Arizona’s sense of security.

Thursday, Dec. 9

On this date in 1875, J. Ross Browne, custom house inspector, Indian agent, traveler and writer who wrote, “A Tour Through Arizona” in 1864, died in Oakland, Calif.

On this date in 1915, the preliminary survey for the Mt. Lemmon road began.

On this date in 1918, the citizens of Mesa started a movement for separation from Maricopa County. They wanted to form a new county taking in Chandler, Gilbert and Tempe.

On this date in 1924, Wapatki National Monument northeast of Flagstaff was established by President Calvin Coolidge.

On this date in 1929, a Phoenix fire captain and another firefighter were fatally injured in a collision between two fire trucks. Four other firefighters were less seriously hurt.

Friday, Dec. 10

On this date in 1871, the first sale of lots in the Phoenix town site was authorized.

On this date in 1880, the first railway mail service in the territory was established between Tucson and Los Angeles.

On this date in 1899, Fritzie Scheff, famous light opera star, was annoyed when the water in her bathtub aboard her special Southern Pacific train splashed over the tub walls. She ordered the train stopped in Stein’s Pass until she could finish bathing.

On this date in 1915, 150 striking miners held up a freight and passenger train three miles (4.8 kilometers) from Clifton in search of strike breakers.

On this date in 1927, Phoenix High School dedicated its new $80,000 stadium and became the envy of every other school in the state.

Saturday, Dec. 11

On this date in 1915, University of Arizona students built the huge letter “A” on Sentinel Peak in the Tucson Mountains.

On this date in 1933, the natural gas pipeline from El Paso reached Tucson and a 40-foot ((12-meter) torch was lighted in celebration.