Arizona history July 5-11

Sunday, July 5

On this date in 1867, Andrew E. Douglass, astronomer and educator, who developed dendrochronology, the science of tree-ring dating, was born.

On this date in 1917, four troops of the U.S. Cavalry and one machine gun troop were rushed to Globe when state authorities could not control the rising disorder among the miners there. In Ajo at the New Cornelia Mine, 75% of the miners joined the Worker’s Loyalty League, pledging not to strike.

On this date in 1936, 10 contestants were injured, one fatally, at Prescott’s annual Frontier Days Rodeo.

Monday, July 6

On this date in 1890, Warren Earp, youngest of the Earp brothers, was shot to death by John Boyett in the Headquarters Saloon in Willcox.

On this date in 1920, the town of Gilbert was incorporated.

On this date in 1934, the first lethal gas execution in Arizona took the lives of two brothers who had been convicted of the murder of a prospector near Casa Grande.

Tuesday, July 7

On this date in 1883, an agreement was made between the Secretary of War and the Secretary of the Interior to turn over police control of the San Carlos Reservation to the military.

On this date in 1892, the Mexican band was declared a public nuisance by the Phoenix City Council because it practiced all day and played all night.

On this date in 1917, Jerome miners rejected membership in IWW and voted to remain on the job. Miners in Ray ran IWW organizers out of town.

On this date in 1923, the first meeting of the Navajo Tribal Council was held. Chee Dodge served as the first chairman.

On this date in 1933, the first murder of a motorist by a hitchhiker in Arizona took place on the Tucson-Nogales highway.

Wednesday., July 8

On this date in 1911, the Arizona Daily Star announced that the Chamber of Commerce of the city of Prescott would present the University of Arizona with a pair of iron gates for the main entrance.

On this date in 1922, 30 business places were flooded, the power plant failed, three bridges were washed out and adobe houses dissolved when the twin cities of Nogales were swept by their worst flood in 12 years.

On this date in 1930, the Arizona Supreme Court upheld the right of Cochise County to move the county seat from Tombstone to Bisbee.

Thursday, July 9

On this date in 1857, the first mail to go through Arizona was carried on horseback from San Antonio, Texas, by James E. Mason. It arrived in Tucson on Aug. 19 after being delayed by American Indian attacks east of El Paso, Texas.

On this date in 1901, the city of Williams was incorporated.

On this date in 1952, Coronado National Forest was established.

Friday, July 10

On this date in 1861, federal troops destroyed and abandoned Fort Breckinridge as they were called east for duty in the Civil War. The fort was re-established by troops from the California Column in 1862 and became Camp Grant in 1865.

On this date in 1917, the mill and warehouse of the Tempe Milling Co. which had been built in 1877 was destroyed by fire.

On this date in 1917, two cattle cars were loaded with IWW members and strikers and removed from Jerome. Fifty members of the Prescott Home Guard met the train at Jerome Junction, arrested nine of its occupants and sent the others, loaded on freight cars, on to Needles, Califonia.

On this date in 1926, Gov. George W.P. Hunt reported that the doors and windows of the dining room in the state prison had been equipped with screens for the first time and the place was now sanitary.

Saturday, July 11

On this date in 1835, Capt/ James H. Tevis, early Arizona pioneer and founder of Tevistown, now known as Bowie, was born.

On this date in 1850, Louis J.F. Yeager arrived with 11 other men to establish a ferry at Yuma Crossing. They began by building a stockade on the California side of the river.

On this date in 1854, William Fourr, pioneer Arizona miner and rancher, was born.

On this date in 1923, the Arizona Cattle Growers Association met at Flagstaff and voted to incorporate.

On this date in 1958, the 30,000-acre Monument Valley Tribal Park, the first park established on the Navajo reservation, was established by a resolution of the Navajo Advisory Committee of the Navajo Tribal Council.