Chicago Tribune. March XX, 2023.
Editorial: Thanks in part to Illinois innovation, ‘range anxiety’ won’t hamper electric cars for long
Consumer Reports’ well-read auto issue spends a lot of time exploring so-called range anxiety, the worry that consumers have about the battery life of an electric vehicle. Even though there are many cars on the market with batteries that will propel a car farther than most people drive in a day, most Midwesterners still worry about what might happen in rural Wisconsin or Michigan when a Nissan Leaf or a Chevrolet Bolt runs out of juice far from an available charging station.
There you are happily driving the kid to college in Iowa, and suddenly you’re stranded.
That fear is a major impediment to the widespread adoption of electric cars, even though any reasonable person can see that they will one day take over from gas-powered vehicles.
But a bunch of scientists in Illinois are changing that.
Mohammad Asadi, an assistant professor at the Illinois Institute of Technology, last month co-published a paper in the journal Science with Larry A. Curtiss and other Illinois colleagues about their work on a novel lithium-air battery that has a solid electrolyte made with a mix of polymer and ceramic.
By combining those two materials, the paper argued, the product could leverage both “ceramic’s high ionic conductivity and the high stability and high interfacial connection of the polymer.” The resulting battery, the paper claimed, has the potential for “reaching ultra-high power densities far beyond current lithium-ion technology.”
Asadi thinks the solid-state battery design could store 1 kilowatt-hour per kilogram or higher — which happens to be four times greater than the current lithium-ion battery technology.
Or, to put all of this more simply, this radical development in battery technology could create the most practically powerful battery in the world and utterly transform the abilities of any kind of transportation, from scooters to Lucid Motor’s cool vehicles to Metra trains, that run on electricity.
What we’re talking about here is a super-duper battery, one far less likely to catch fire than today’s car batteries.
Instead of lasting for 300 miles before it needs more juice, your electric car might soon go for 1,000 miles or more on the same charge. That should put a stop to all reasonable incarnations of “range anxiety.” And that would make the argument for buying your next vehicle with an internal combustion engine far weaker.
Adasi’s tests in the lab were conducted in collaboration with University of Illinois Chicago and the University of Chicago-managed Argonne National Laboratory in suburban Lemont. Adasi said it’s now a matter of designing the battery, engineering it for what would appear to be a massive global market , and then working with private sector partners to get the battery on the road, or the rails. It might even make it possible for United Airlines to start flying electric airplanes from O’Hare International Airport.
Science is a peer-reviewed, academic journal, and the apparent breakthrough right here in Illinois did not get much journalistic ink at home. But Ambrose Evans-Pritchard, the respected international economics correspondent of London’s Daily Telegraph saw and wrote about the implications of what is happening here. “What the Argonne-IIF battery and other global breakthroughs show collectively,” he wrote, “is that energy science is moving so fast that what seemed impossible five years ago is already a discernible reality, and that we will be looking at a very different technological landscape before the end of this decade.”
Better yet, this new battery could potentially use sodium in place of lithium, the limited supply of which is often the cause of more anti-electrification fear-mongering. You can find sodium everywhere. Isn’t there a decent deposit just outside of Salt Lake City?
Ambrose-Pritchard bluntly observed to his target European audience: “The legacy companies cannot save their sunk investment in fossil motors — unless the EU retreats into fortress protectionism, which would be economic suicide. To try would be to guarantee the total destruction of Europe’s car industry. The only hope of saving it is to go for broke on electrification before global rivals run away with the prize.”
Granted, this all will take some time before the batteries are at car dealerships, and the Illinois crew hardly are the only scientists chasing the prize of the best battery on the planet.
But two important things are worth noting. The first is that those vastly improved batteries are coming as sure as red follows green. Car dealerships will be all-electric affairs and politicians had better start thinking about what happens when all the truck stops disappear, along with the gas stations at highway intersections and the jobs associated with those places. Not to mention the complexities of the tax revenue. Andrew Yang warned about this colossal change to America’s heartland even before his failed presidential campaign. History will prove him right.
And the second? Chicagoland has some extraordinary scientific researchers, changing the world right on our doorstep. They don’t get anywhere near enough attention.
Champaign News-Gazette. March 17, 2023.
Editorial: Paid-leave law not as simple as some suggest
For every benefit there is a cost, and the question is, who pays?
There are few activities politicians love more than handing out benefits that others must pay for.
That was evident — once again — this week when Gov. J.B. Pritzker signed — and celebrated — legislation that will provide open-ended paid leave for all employees.
The legislation will become effective Jan. 1, 2024. Under it, employees of any business can earn at least 40 hours of paid leave per year — one hour of paid leave for every 40 hours worked.
That mandate will be a non-event for most employers because they already — whether voluntarily or as part of a union contract — provide an array of benefits to their employees.
Many see it as not just the right thing to do but a necessary ingredient to attracting and keeping employees. After all, it’s a competitive marketplace for workers, especially these days.
But what about those employers who are just hanging on, eking out a profit by keeping a sharp eye on costs? Not every employer is the caricatured robber baron of yore who builds a massive fortune on the backs of exploited workers.
As noted by a local labor-law expert, this mandate could have a consequence that astute observers would have anticipated.
University of Illinois labor Professor Michael LeRoy suggested the open-ended nature of the paid leave will be a burden on small employers. As a consequence, he contended that more and more of them will feel compelled to revisit the employer/employee relationship.
What that means, he said, is that employers will seek to rely on “independent contractors” rather than employees to get their jobs done. Or perhaps they may reduce their number of employees.
If costs are too high, what’s a struggling employer to do? Some might not approve of that kind of cold-blooded approach, but business owners are accustomed to making the sometimes-difficult decisions needed to stay afloat.
The governor’s bill-signing ceremony was, generally speaking, a celebration of the legislative work done to achieve a goal the participants thought laudable. But the governor couldn’t resist misrepresenting the legislative goal.
He said employers benefit “from allowing employees to tend to urgent personal matters of their lives.” It’s not clear, beyond good will, how much employers benefit from having employees not show up because they are addressing “urgent personal matters.”
But the legislation isn’t limited to “urgent personal matters” — sick time, doctor visits — it’s entirely open-ended. The paid leave, according to the law, can be used for any purpose.
This legislation is as much about mandating vacation time as it is about tending to a sick child.
There’s no doubt the legislation is the result of good intentions. Employers accommodating employees is a good thing that those who can afford it recognized long ago.
But handing what could be a big bill to a small-business owner who can’t afford it isn’t good for anyone, even those this law purports to help.