Arizona History-Oct. 31-Nov. 6

Sunday, Oct. 31

On this date in 1890, Harrison Morton Lavender, mining engineer and Vice President and General Manager of Phelps Dodge Corp. for whom the Lavender Pit at Bisbee is named, was born.

On this date in 1909, Navajo Chief Hashkeneinii, meaning “Angry Warrior,” died after living in the Monument Valley area for years.

On this date in 1918, the Arizona State Fair was canceled because of an epidemic of Spanish Influenza.

On this date in 1929, a suit was filed in U.S. Federal Court in Phoenix on behalf of the Hualapai Indians to regain their rights to the water at Peach Springs from the Santa Fe railroad.

On this date in 1931, the survey of a site for the proposed Glen Canyon Dam was completed.

Monday, Nov. 1

On this date in 1867, Tucson became the capital of the Territory of Arizona.

On this date in 1893, the repeal of the Sherman Silver Purchase Act caused much suffering in Arizona as the price of silver dropped from $1.25 to as low as $.25 an ounce and many mines closed.

Tuesday, Nov. 2

On this date in 1889, Sheriff Glen Reynolds and Sheriff W.A. “Hunkydory” Holmes of Globe were killed by the Apache Kid and seven other Apache prisoners whom they were escorting to the penitentiary.

On this date in 1907, a knife-wielding robber held up guests in four different Prescott hotels in one night, killing one of the victims.

On this date in 1919, 16 of 37 autos which left El Paso for a race to Phoenix arrived in Bisbee. Only six of them finally finished the race in Phoenix.

Wednesday, Nov. 3

On this date in 1852, Captain Lorenzo Sitgreaves reached Fort Yuma after completing his survey of the Zuni, Little Colorado, and Colorado Rivers.

On this date in 1868, the first United States Land Office in Arizona was opened in Phoenix.

On this date in 1988, for the first time in American history, the top five state-elected offices are held by women.

On this date in 1992, Arizona voters pass Proposition 300, making Martin Luther King Jr. Day the only voter-approved King holiday in a state.

Thursday, Nov. 4

On this date in 1775, because it was San Carlos Day, Father Francisco Garces gave the San Carlos River its name.

On this date in 1929, a truck carrying a load of roofing nails from Tucson to Florence leaked its load along 65 miles of highway, leaving dozens of motorists stranded in its wake with flat tires.

On this date in 1935, Maricopa County opened a drive to raise money for a Will Rogers Memorial.

On this date in 1979, the Iranian hostage crisis began as militants stormed the U.S. Embassy in Tehran. For some of the hostages, it was the start of 444 days of captivity.

On this date in 2001, the Arizona Diamondbacks rally to beat the New York Yankees 3-2 in Game 7 of the World Series and snag their first title.

On this date in 2008, Sen. John McCain of Arizona loses his bid for the U.S. presidency to Sen. Barack Obama of Illinois. Obama received 365 electoral votes while McCain received 173.

Friday, Nov. 5

On this date in 1912, Arizona held a general election and returned the recall of the judiciary to the State Constitution.

On this date in 1915, aviatrix Katherine Stinson dropped Arizona’s first official air mail letters near the Tucson Post Office.

On this date in 1922, 119000 acres (482 square kilometers) of Arizona land was ordered open for settlement by veterans.

On this date in 1924, the Catholic Church of Santa Cruz in Tucson was seriously damaged by the explosion of a bomb.

On this date in 1932, outlaws robbed the bank in Clemenceau (in Verde Valley, Yavapai County) and got away with $7,000.

On this date in 1935, the proposal to divide Cochise County failed when petitions for a special election fell 300 short of sufficient signatures.

Saturday, Nov. 6

On this date in 1906, Arizona voted overwhelmingly against joint statehood with New Mexico. The measure was defeated by a vote of 16,265 to 3,141.

On this date in 1914, the Nogales Daily Herald was established.

On this date in 1915, a fire of unknown origin destroyed the Arizona Copper Company’s new concentrator system at Clifton.

On this date in 1936, the forerunner of the Rodeo Cowboys Association, the Cowboys Turtle Association, was formed by 61 cowboys. Everett Bowlan, then of Hillside, Arizona, was named the first President.