Arizona History-Oct. 17-23

Sunday, Oct. 17

On this date in 1916, efforts of the Tucson Chamber of Commerce to abolish the Papago Reservation failed.

On this date in 1919, the funeral was held for Jim Sheridan, Tucson pioneer and one of the original locators of the Twin Buttes Mine.

On this date in 1922, the Fort Apache Military Reservation, which had been under War Department jurisdiction since 1877, was declared useless for military purposes and placed under control of the Interior Department.

On this date in 1926, it was announced that Joseph Ferrin, Tucson pioneer, had died.

On this date in 1929, an announcement was made of the completion of the U.S. Magnetic Observatory in Tucson. It was the first fully equipped facility for measuring atmospheric electricity in the U.S., and the third in the world.

Monday, Oct. 18

On this date in 1866, the Calabasas Post Office was established.

On this date in 1893, hundreds of unemployed men from California moved east along the railroad tracks. Tucson police patrolled the tracks, giving each man a loaf of bread and ordering him to move on.

On this date in 1904, the Salt River rose in the flood over the uncompleted Roosevelt Dam, submerging the working equipment.

Tuesday, Oct. 19

On this date in 1846, the Mormon Battalion, under the command of Philip St. George Cooke, set out from Santa Fe to open the first wagon road across Arizona.

On this date in 1859, Selim Franklin, who was instrumental in the introduction and passage of the bill providing for the University of Arizona, was born.

On this date in 1917, Pima County became the first county in the nation to oversubscribe it’s Liberty Bond allotment.

On this date in 1922, the first highway bridge over Lynx Creek in Prescott was opened.

Wednesday, Oct. 20

On this date in 1870, the town site of Phoenix was laid out.

On this date in 1893, the federal government gave the Territorial Penitentiary in Yuma 2,000 acres of land on which convicts were to work farms.

On this date in 1931, the bodies of two slain women were found in a trunk in Phoenix and one of Arizona’s most famous murder cases was opened with news of the search for Mrs. Winnie Ruth Judd.

Thursday, Oct. 21

On this date in 1927, the city of Tucson dedicated its new Temple of Music and Art.

On this date in 1928, the city of Yuma unveiled a statue of Padre Francisco Garces, pioneer missionary, explorer and martyr.

Friday, Oct. 22

On this date in 1913, the city of Phoenix discovered that its $250,000 bond election was illegal and it had to be held all over again.

On this date in 1928, 1,500 ranchers, cowboys, politicians and other local citizens gathered at Sasabe to celebrate the opening of the road to Tucson.

Saturday, Oct. 23

On this date in 1775, the expedition under command of Juan Bautista de Anza left Tubac to open a land route to California.

On this date in 1863, General Orders No. 27, dated at Santa Fe, N.M., established a new military department called the District of Northern Arizona.

On this date in 1882, seven notorious criminals escaped from the Pima County Jail in Tucson.

On this date in 1907, newspapers announced there had been six murders in Graham County in one month.

On this date in 1919, the city of Tucson placed cigar boxes on street corners as depositories for contributions to the Theodore Roosevelt Memorial Fund, and Col. James McClintock, noted Arizona historian, complained about “undignified methods.”

On this date in 1920, Ralph Cameron, candidate for Congress, suggested that the Colorado River Indian Reservation be given to ex-servicemen.

On this date in 1921, cattle rustling became so common in the Salt River Valley that cattlemen decided to “shoot (rustlers) where they stood and leave them where they fall.”

On this date in 1927, thousands gathered in Mesa to attend four-day ceremonies dedicating the new Mormon temple.

On this date in 1927, the University of Arizona dedicated its new $450,000 library building and boasted of the 60,000 volumes in its stacks.

On this date in 1933, Jack Smith, Coconino County pioneer and last surviving Civil War veteran in Flagstaff, died at the age of 85. A spring in the San Francisco Mountains, which provided the main water supply for Flagstaff, was named for him.