Editorial Roundup: Minnesota

Minneapolis Star Tribune. October 17, 2021.

Editorial: Protect victims in settlement cases

Too many are pressured to sell long-term payouts for pennies on the dollar.

For a state that has prided itself on protecting consumers, Minnesota has muffed badly on a singularly vulnerable population: accident victims who receive a long-term settlements and then become the prey of companies that dangle upfront cash payments for pennies on the dollar.

A new Star Tribune news series, “Unsettled,” dives deeply into the intricacies of a system where it is too easy to take advantage of victims who aren’t always able to act in their own best interests. Reporters examined more than 1,200 cases approved by Minnesota judges. On average, the cash payments turn out to be a good deal — for the companies. Of the Minnesotans injured enough to be awarded long-term settlements, they settled for an average of 40% of what their settlements were actually worth and often far less than that.

The reasons are as varied as the individuals themselves. Some, left permanently disabled and virtually unemployable, sold off payments to pay heating bills or other mounting debts. Some yearned to purchase simple pleasures — a vacation, a wedding. Many more were subjected to constant pressure from companies that can call as many as a dozen times a day, hounding their targets by phone, mail, social media and e-mail. Too often, the individuals who get the worst deals are impaired by their injuries and unable to discern fully what they are doing.

They are individuals such as Stanley Turner, who along with his sister suffered permanent brain damage in an auto crash when he was 5 years old. The $4 million settlement should have taken care of them both for decades. But investment companies persuaded judges to approve a deal in which they purchased decades worth of payments. In the latest deal, Turner received $12,000 for more than $500,000 in future payments. “The wolves sucked it all out,” Turner’s mother told Star Tribune reporters.

It’s not this way everywhere. And the solution does not have to be a national fix that rewrites rules for an entire industry. Star Tribune reporters found that Albuquerque, N.M., has arrived at a reasonable means of protecting the vulnerable while — and this is important — preserving cash payments for those who have been fully apprised of the consequences and who choose to move ahead.

Albuquerque appoints “guardians ad litem,” whose role is to advocate for the best interests of the victim. Reserved in Minnesota primarily for cases involving children, such guardians are routinely used in Albuquerque to ensure that individuals fully understand the deal they are about to make.

Minnesota judges typically approve nine out of 10 deals, the series found. In Albuquerque, that figure drops to 42% when a guardian is involved. The series found that in many cases, judges didn’t have to rule because after meeting with a guardian, sellers withdrew their requests. In a blunt summation, former Albuquerque Judge Alan Malott, who retired in 2018, told a Star Tribune reporter that “if someone wants to do something stupid, they are allowed. It’s a free country. But when there are dependent children or other dependents involved, then the state has more of an interest.”

That’s a little harsh. There are circumstances where it may make sense to sell payments to meet more pressing needs. But a guardian can go a long way toward helping individuals fully understand the ramifications of their decision. Sometimes it even results in a better deal for the individual, who finds that companies are willing to increase their payout.

Minnesota would need to change state law to expand its use of guardians ad litem. Judges have told the Star Tribune that they don’t believe they are allowed to appoint guardians unless the case involves minors or adults deemed mentally incompetent.

That’s an oversight that should be corrected as soon as possible. Thankfully, Gov. Tim Walz and legislators on both sides have vowed to make changes that will better protect vulnerable accident victims. U.S. Sen. Tina Smith has called for an investigation of the industry by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.

Change won’t be easy. Purchasing future payments has become a billion-dollar-a-year industry, with companies retaining an average of 60%, according to the Star Tribune’s analysis of more than 2,400 deals spanning seven states over 20 years.

The companies have argued that judges already have what they need to protect settlement recipients, and that individuals should be free to make their own decisions. We agree that freedom is important to protect. But it is just as important to ensure against exploitation. Minnesota has some work to do there.

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St. Cloud Times. October 17, 2021.

Editorial: Here’s to new traditions for SCSU homecoming

Homecoming: The annual tradition of welcoming back former students and when communities come together to celebrate.

But it hasn’t always been an annual tradition for St. Cloud State University.

Homecoming returned to SCSU in 2018 after a seven-year hiatus — instead, the university hosted a series of school spirit-based events dubbed Celebrate St. Cloud. Now, after two years of rejuvenated homecoming celebrations and a limited, virtual event in 2020 amid the COVID-19 pandemic, homecoming has returned.

But instead of the traditional football game, St. Cloud State is embarking on creating new traditions.

Football was cut from the SCSU sports lineup at the end of 2019. Now, SCSU homecoming will put a spotlight on the university’s Division I men’s hockey team and a handful of other sporting events, like women’s hockey, volleyball and men’s soccer.

Homecoming is a way for St. Cloud State to reconnect with alumni and connect with the St. Cloud community. Former students who called St. Cloud home for four years come back to visit. Alums who came to live and work in our community get a chance to celebrate their school pride. And even community members who may not have attended SCSU can have a chance to visit campus and see what the university does for the St. Cloud community.

There’s no doubt this year’s homecoming is a bit different. Without a football game, it’s not quite like the traditional homecoming many are used to.

But the university has shifted to what we think are creative ways to celebrate.

So here’s to new traditions. Happy homecoming, Huskies!

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Mankato Free Press. October 17, 2021.

Editorial: Crime: Expungement of minor offenses warranted

Redemption adds to the social good and furthers civil society, and a plan by the Blue Earth County Attorney’s Office to expunge criminal records for minor offenses will fortify both of those tenets.

County Attorney Pat McDermott announced Wednesday the county would begin taking applications for expunging or sealing of minor offense records that would then be available only to law enforcement, courts and some state agencies.

The state expungement law has been on the books for several years but Blue Earth County will now be handling local expungements at no cost. Blue Earth County joins four other counties in offering the local service, which was made easier about a year ago through a website established by the Minnesota attorney general.

While expungement no longer allows the public, employers and media to access what were public records in the past, the benefits to the people who have minor offenses removed will outweigh benefits of public inspection.

McDermott said the aim of the policy will remove barriers many face in education, employment and housing for having a minor offense on their record. In one case he cited an offender who completed a college degree and was offered a good-paying job but could not be hired because employer policy that had to consider even minor offenses.

The county attorney’s office will file the expungement petitions, and a judge must approve them. People with multiple infractions may be denied. The new service also removes the barriers of paying $300 and legal fees for filing an expungement under normal circumstances.

McDermott also noted that often times the “collateral consequences” of committing a minor crime are worse than the crime itself. We agree.

The expungement process will also help end discrimination as people of color who are disproportionately represented in every part of the criminal justice system will now have an easy way to remove minor criminal records. The previous expungement process was costly and cumbersome and generally not used because of these barriers.

And while most of the crimes that will be expunged are minor, there are some drug possession felony crimes that also will be eligible for expungement. All misdemeanors and 50 nonviolent felonies are eligible.

Other counties that handle expungement include Hennepin, Ramsey, Washington and Winona. The Attorney General’s Office handles expungement for other counties.

The county’s leadership on making expungement easier for residents should be applauded.

An online expungement application form can be found www.blueearthcountymn.gov/sealmyrecord.

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