Arizona History-Aug. 1-7

Sunday, Aug. 1

On this date in 1861, Lt. Col. John R. Baylor proclaimed the Confederate Territory of Arizona, with the territorial capitol at Mesilla, and himself as military governor. The new Confederate territory extended from Texas to California and lay generally south of the Gila River.

On this date in 2006, the Arizona Cardinals’ new home, University of Phoenix Stadium, opens in Glendale.

Monday, Aug. 2

On this date in 1905, unknown assassins fired into a group of Silverbell miners, killing two and wounding one, for no apparent reason.

On this date in 1929, passengers on transcontinental trains, which were delayed by washouts, cleaned out the entire food supply of many small towns. The town of Bowie reported nothing left but coffee.

Tuesday, Aug. 3

On this date in 1918, the Casa Grande Ruins became a national monument.

On this date in 1929, a cyclone followed by an electrical storm and heavy rain did $50,000 damage in the Yuma area.

On this date in 2006, serial shooter suspects Dale Hausner and Samuel John Dieteman are arrested in Mesa. Police say the men would drive through the Phoenix area and select random targets in a shooting spree that left five people dead and 16 wounded since May 2005.

Wednesday, Aug. 4

On this date in 1859, the first issue of the Weekly Arizonian was published, with J. Howard Wells as editor. The Weekly Arizonian was the first newspaper in Arizona, having been established in Tubac on March 3, 1859.

On this date in 1895, the first packing house in Arizona was opened in Phoenix. The plant included 400 acres (162 hectares) of alfalfa, a system of gates, lanes and driveways leading to the slaughter house, sausage rooms and cooling rooms.

On this date in 1908, a heavy rainstorm sent floods roaring down Tombstone Canyon in Bisbee. The library, post office and many store basements were flooded.

Thursday, Aug. 5

On this date in 1892, Grady Gammage, former president of Arizona State College, now Arizona State University, was born.

On this date in 1895, Pete Kitchen, one of the earliest ranchers in the Santa Cruz Valley, died.

On this date in 1911, William C. Greene of the Greene Cattle Co. and the Greene Cananea Copper Co. died after being thrown from a buggy.

On this date in 1917, the 1st Arizona Regiment was drafted into the United States Army. By the end of World War I, 8,113 men in Arizona had entered the National Guard, 1,854 were in the regular Army, 1,269 in the Navy and 147 in the Marines Corps. Three hundred and twenty-one Arizonans died in military service.

On this date in 1931, the Southern Pacific passenger train, The Argonaut, was derailed east of Yuma, killing two and injuring 15.

Friday, Aug. 6

On this date in 1873, Vincente Hernandez, keeper of a general store and jewelry shop in Tucson, and his wife were beaten to death and robbed. Two days later a citizens committee hanged the murderers from gallows in the plaza.

On this date in 1879, the first ice-making machine in Arizona began operation in Tucson.

On this date in 1880, the first bar of bullion was turned out from the Bisbee smelter.

On this date in 1891, an earthquake followed by a tidal wave caused extensive damage to the Cocopah Indian villages and lands along the lower Colorado River.

On this date in 1896, the Black Jack Christian gang attempted to rob the International Bank of Nogales, but were defeated by John Dessart, president of the bank, who held off the five armed men until help arrived.

Saturday, Aug. 7

On this date in 1833, Frederick A. Tritle, who became Arizona’s seventh territorial governor, was born in Pennsylvania.

On this date in 1909, Arthur Joseph Bayless, founder of the A.J. Bayless grocery stores, was born.

On this date in 1922, the Tucson Citizen reported that I.T. Frazier, state highway maintenance superintendent, talked to Cochise County officials about a house which was standing in the middle of the highway between Douglas and Rodeo.